The study will encompass at least 3 (preferably 4) wintering (Nov-Jan), calving (Feb-April), and grazing seasons (May-Oct). Extensive monitoring of wolves (4 GPS locations/wolf/day) will take place throughout the wintering and calving seasons (Nov-April) and intensive monitoring (12 GPS locations/wolf/day) will take place during the grazing season (May-Oct) to allow quick examination of potential depredation sites. Extensive monitoring of cattle (4 GPS locations/cow/day) and calves (daily VHF monitoring of mortality signals) will take place throughout the calving and grazing seasons.
The state appropriation for this biennium (July 1, 2013-June 30, 2015) runs out on June 30, 2015, which is half way through the second grazing season. The expected state appropriation for the next biennium (July l, 2015-June 30 2017) runs out on June 30, 2017, which is half way through the 4th grazing season.